🔺How to reduce or eliminate puppies mortality rate 


🔺How to reduce or eliminate puppies mortality rate 

Reducing or eliminating puppies’ mortality rate requires careful attention, proper care, and prompt action. Here are some steps to help improve the survival rate of puppies:

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1. Pre-breeding preparation: Ensure both the dam (female dog) and sire (male dog) are healthy and free from genetic disorders or hereditary diseases. Consult with a veterinarian to conduct health screenings and genetic testing before breeding to reduce the risk of passing on inherited conditions.

2. Prenatal care: Provide optimal care to the pregnant dam, including a well-balanced diet, regular exercise, and prenatal veterinary check-ups. Follow the veterinarian’s advice regarding vaccinations, deworming, and overall health management during pregnancy.

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3. Whelping assistance: Be present during the whelping process to provide assistance and monitor the mother and puppies closely. Create a quiet and comfortable whelping area with appropriate bedding and temperature control. Be prepared with necessary supplies such as clean towels, heating pads, and resuscitation equipment if needed.


4. Early and adequate nutrition: Ensure the newborn puppies receive adequate nutrition by allowing them to nurse from the mother as soon as possible after birth. Monitor their weight gain to ensure they are receiving sufficient milk. In some cases, supplemental feeding with canine milk replacers may be necessary, following veterinary guidance.

5. Maintain hygiene: Keep the whelping area clean and free from contaminants to minimize the risk of infections. Regularly clean and disinfect bedding, clean the mother’s genital area, and handle the puppies with clean hands to reduce the chance of transmission of pathogens.

6. Monitor and stimulate elimination: Puppies cannot eliminate waste on their own initially. Use a warm, damp cloth or cotton ball to gently stimulate the puppies’ genital and anal areas after feeding to encourage elimination. This helps prevent constipation and urinary tract problems.

7. Vaccination and deworming: Follow a proper vaccination and deworming schedule recommended by a veterinarian. Vaccinations protect puppies from common infectious diseases, while deworming helps control internal parasites that can affect their health and survival.

8. Socialization and environmental enrichment: Gradually introduce the puppies to a variety of experiences, sounds, and people in a safe and controlled manner. This helps them build confidence and adaptability, leading to healthier development and reduced stress-related issues.

9. Early detection and veterinary care: Regularly monitor the puppies’ behavior, growth, and overall health. Watch for signs of illness or distress, such as lack of appetite, lethargy, diarrhea, or difficulty breathing. Seek prompt veterinary attention if any concerns arise.

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10. Education and support: Stay informed about best practices for puppy care, health, and development. Consult with a veterinarian or experienced breeders for guidance and support throughout the process.

Remember, ensuring the survival of puppies requires a comprehensive approach that encompasses pre-breeding preparation, proper care during pregnancy, vigilant monitoring during whelping, and ongoing attention to their health and development. Working closely with a veterinarian and maintaining a supportive and nurturing environment greatly increases the chances of reducing or eliminating puppies’ mortality rate.


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